Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jayanth K. Krishnan
India's accomplishments during its fifty-plus years of independence are nothing short of astounding. Notwithstanding the country's high levels of poverty, illiteracy, and population growth, as well as a period of dictatorial rule, India today stands as a vibrant democracy promoting many classic ideals of liberalism. However, India confronts corruption and bribery of politicians, police abuse, nonperformance by and incompetence among bureaucrats, and an inadequate infrastructure. In 1991, the government, led by the Congress Party at the time, decided to open up India's economic markets and embrace foreign investment with new vigor. In addition to having enormous socioeconomic ramifications for millions of Indians, this decision to “go global” also affected the legal profession, courts, and law and society activities. Foreigners, particularly people from the United States, had interacted with Indian judges and lawyers long before this period. For example, between the 1950s and the early 1970s, ...