Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Maria da Gloria Bonelli
Law-and-society-related academic activities in Brazil are expanding on the frontier between law and the social sciences, especially sociology, political science, and anthropology. These activities result from two factors: (1) the consolidation of the Brazilian democracy and (2) the exportation and importation of specialized knowledge from academic networks in developed countries, particularly the United States, to those in peripheral countries, amply analyzed by Yves Dezalay and Byrant Garth. The more successful initiatives concern human rights. In the 1970s, when Brazil was under an authoritarian military regime, which routinely tortured political prisoners, the Ford Foundation decided to sponsor human rights activities and the social sciences. This spread those activities over several fields of knowledge all around the country. Soon, research on human rights included themes related to violence and crime. With the reestablishment of the rule of law in Brazil in 1988, new topics were introduced into the Brazilian law and society ...