Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 25, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952637 | Print ISBN: 9780761923879 | Online ISBN: 9781412952637| Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
For the twenty-first century, most law and society activities in Taiwan concern the political questions that have emerged there and the types of legal institutions that will evolve to represent the people's interests. A review of Taiwan's history and its relationship with the People's Republic of China (PRC) provides the necessary context. In the first half of the twentieth century, Taiwan, an island off the Chinese mainland, was under Japanese colonial rule. At the end of World War II, Taiwan became part of China under the Kuomintang (KMT, Nationalist Party) government. Established in 1912, the Kuomintang became the ruling party in Taiwan in 1949. Four years later, the Kuomintang government lost control of the Chinese mainland to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and retreated to Taiwan. In 1972, the United Nations (UN) rejected the Taiwan government's claim to represent China in favor of the People's Republic of China (PRC), governed ...