Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Martin Alan Greenberg
According to some experts, volunteerism is the most effective, democratic, and humane anticrime strategy currently available to Americans. Volunteers participated in America's law enforcement scene prior to and after the arrival of the first white European settlers. Some of the first European volunteers consisted of the militia forces organized by Captain Myles Standish, the military leader of the Pilgrims who landed in America and founded the colony of New Plymouth in 1620. Significantly, prior to the arrival of the Europeans, some Native American nations had also developed their own style of policing that relied heavily on voluntary participation. For example, the Plains nations established honorary military societies to police their annual reunion ceremonies, gatherings, and buffalo hunts. The use of militias and town watches in America can be traced to 13th-century England and the reign of Henry III, who mandated that all his male subjects (between 15 and 50) own ...