Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jamaica is an island in the Caribbean Sea, with an area of 10,991 square kilometers and a population of 2.7 million (July 2003 estimate). The Jamaica Constabulary Force traces its genesis to the Morant Bay Rebellion in 1865 when Jamaica was a colony of the British Empire. The peasants in Morant Bay, St. Thomas, the eastern part of the island, had become disillusioned by the British government's response to their poor living conditions. The Morant Bay Rebellion led to a change in Jamaica's colonial status. Rather than leaving the well-being of the island to a parliament dominated by the planter class, who balked at paying additional taxes, the British government concentrated power in the office of the Governor. In 1867, a law was passed to establish the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF). The initial force was set for 984 members, and they were led by an Inspector General appointed by the ...