Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is located in southeastern Europe, bordered by Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania. It has an area of 25,713 square kilometers and a population of 2 million people. Macedonia became independent from Yugoslavia in September 1991, but disputes with Greece delayed its international recognition; it was eventually internationally recognized as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). In 2001, a short but fierce ethnic conflict broke out between Albanians and Macedonians; it was ended in August 2001 following an internationally sponsored peace agreement (the Ohrid Framework Agreement). Regional peacekeeping efforts by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the European Union helped guarantee stability. Policing was a key element of the peace agreement. Before the crisis in 2001, the Macedonia police force was primarily manned by officers from the Slav Macedonian majority. Albanians, the second largest ethnic group in Macedonia, accounted for ...