Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Edward J. Shaughnessy & Cheri Peck
Uganda is a landlocked country divided into northern and southern regions—the North is more arid and the population is predominantly Muslim; the South is lush and the population is predominantly Bantu. It is a country the size of Oregon with a population of approximately 25 million people. Most of Lake Victoria is within Uganda; it, with Lake Albert, is where the headwaters of the Nile originate. Lake Albert forms a long border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Democractic Republic of Congo.) Early western relations began with missionary settlements in the 19th century followed by British colonization. The highlands of southern Uganda are home to extensive coffee, tea, and banana plantations. After 1895 Uganda became part of British East Africa and remained so until its independence in 1962. Ravaged by tribal disturbances and a breakdown of civil services, the country fell under the dictatorial rule of Idi Amin (1971–1979) ...