Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952415 | Print ISBN: 9780761926498 | Online ISBN: 9781412952415| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Yemen occupies 527,970 square kilometers on the tip of the Arabian peninsula, between Saudi Arabia and Oman. It has a population of 19.3 million people (July 2003 estimate). Yemen became united as one country in 1990; previously the North and South were separate countries. The North was formerly part of the Ottoman Empire and independent since 1918; the South was a British protectorate and became independent in 1967. The unification of the two was uncomfortable given the disparate political traditions of the two former controlling entities. Southern Yemen secessionists were thwarted in 1994, and the government has been dominated by rulers from North Yemen since that time. Yemen opposed ...