Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952668 | Print ISBN: 9781412909488 | Online ISBN: 9781412952668| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Roy Moodley & Deone Curling
The term ethnic is derived from the Greek word ethnos , which refers to a nation, and is closely related to ethnikos , meaning “heathen”; the term has strong references to ethnic minority groups. Members of ethnic groups are conscious of themselves as in some way united or at least related because of a common origin and a shared destiny. Ethnicity refers to the national, regional, or tribal origins of one's oldest remembered ancestors and the customs, traditions, and rituals handed down by these ancestors. Ethnic, as well as cultural and racial, variability exists among members of the same racial or ethnic groups. For example, Native American and African American people may speak Spanish, French, or English, and many Latinos self-identify as “Black,” whereas others see themselves as “White.” In much of the writing on multiculturalism, there is a tendency to use the terms race, culture , and ethnicity ethnicity ...