Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952668 | Print ISBN: 9781412909488 | Online ISBN: 9781412952668| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Marie L. Miville
Identity has been noted by psychologists and multicultural scholars alike to be a key psychological process in defining oneself, particularly in relation to other people. One area of identity that has received a great deal of attention in the multicultural literature is racial identity , the process of internalizing negative or positive images concerning one's racial group memberships. A number of racial identity development models have been proposed; a critical question has been the applicability of these models to biracial or multiracial people. As well, a number of conceptual models have been proposed describing the unique racial identity development of biracial and multiracial people. Racial identity development (RID) models identifying different themes regarding the quality of identification in one's racial group membership(s) have been applied to the racial identity development of multiracial people. In general, RID models propose that individuals do not react identically to conditions of discrimination or privilege, ...