Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952668 | Print ISBN: 9781412909488 | Online ISBN: 9781412952668| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Barbara C. Wallace
Psychologists in the field of cross-cultural psychology study how an individual's behavioral, mental, and emotional functioning reflect the influence of prior experiences and development within a particular social, cultural, and environmental context. They also compare findings obtained in one social, cultural, or environmental context with data obtained in another culture or in many other cultures. In this manner, the field of cross-cultural psychology strives to bring the very best of the psychological research tradition to the task of studying the relationship between psychological and cultural factors. The work of psychologists within the field of cross-cultural psychology was truly historic during the 1970s, and it helped to spur a general cultural movement in psychology, counseling, and other disciplines during the 1980s. By the 1990s, cross-cultural psychology had become truly multicultural, encompassing all dimensions of diversity. Thus, the field of cross-cultural psychology was a vital predecessor of multicultural psychology. Cross-cultural psychology can ...