Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952668 | Print ISBN: 9781412909488 | Online ISBN: 9781412952668| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ethnic Identity Development Measures
W. David Wakefield & Jessica H. Belanger
A variety of psychometrically valid instruments have been developed to measure the construct of ethnic identity development, which is typically described as the developmental process of exploring the meaning and significance of one's ethnic group membership (see ethnic identity development ). These instruments assess the extent to which individuals have explored and reflected on the significance and importance of their ethnic group membership and the role their ethnic group membership plays in their lives. Most measures are designed for use with monoethnic or monoracial individuals (i.e., people who self-identify with one ethnic or racial group). The majority of these measures are based on theories and principles of identity development and ethnic and racial socialization within the context of the United States. In the United States, part of the exploration of ethnic group membership for most minorities includes confronting the meaning of membership in an often oppressed and marginalized group (see ...