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Encyclopedia of United States National Security

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Encyclopedia of United States National Security

Richard J. Samuels

Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412952446 | Print ISBN: 9780761929277 | Online ISBN: 9781412952446 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) in Korea

Strip of land bisecting the Korean peninsula at roughly the 38th parallel, which separates North and South Korea. Following World War II, the demilitarized zone (DMZ) was considered the unofficial boundary between the Soviet-occupied northern portion of Korea and the American-occupied south. The DMZ is about 150 miles long and varies in width from 1.2 to 2.4 mi. Largely devoid of human settlement, it has become home to a variety of rare flora and fauna. The DMZ boundary became a permanent boundary as a result of the 1953 cease-fire ending the Korean War. At that time, troops from North and South Korea and the United ...

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