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Encyclopedia of New Media

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Encyclopedia of New Media

Steve Jones

Pub. date: 2003 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412950657 | Print ISBN: 9780761923824 | Online ISBN: 9781412950657 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.

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Cyberfeminism

Mia Consalvo

Cyberfeminism is a term coined in 1994 by Sadie Plant, director of the Cybernetic Culture Research Unit at the University of Warwick in Britain, to describe the work of feminists interested in theorizing, critiquing, and exploiting the Internet, cyberspace, and new-media technologies in general. The term and movement grew out of “third-wave” feminism, the contemporary feminist movement that follows the “second-wave” feminism of the 1970s, which focused on equal rights for women, and which itself followed the “first-wave” feminism of the early 20th century, which concentrated on woman suffrage. Cyberfeminism has tended to include mostly younger, technologically savvy women, and those from Western, white, middle-class backgrounds. The ranks of cyberfeminists are growing, however, and along with this increase is a growing divergence of ideas about what constitutes cyberfeminist thought and action. Prior to the advent of cyberfeminism, feminist study of technology tended to examine technological developments as socially and culturally ...

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