Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Project
Paul J. Hanges
The Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness project (GLOBE) is a multiphase, multimethod project designed in the early 1990s by Robert J. House to explore the relationships among societal culture, organizational culture, and leadership. An international team of more than 170 researchers has worked together for more than a decade on this project. Many data sources were used to obtain information regarding organizational culture, societal culture, and leadership attributes and behavior. The primary data source was questionnaire responses completed by approximately 17,000 middle managers from 62 different societies. The middle managers worked at one of 825 organizations from one of three industries: financial services, food processing, and telecommunications. In addition to these questionnaire responses, information about culture and leadership was also collected using focus group meetings, media analyses, unobtrusive measures, and archival data. The conceptual model driving GLOBE is shown in Figure 1 . This model was developed by drawing ...