Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
History of Industrial/Organizational Psychology in Other Parts of the World
Miriam Erez & Jagdeep S. Chhokar & Elizabeth Nair & Robert Wood & Mark Griffin
This entry presents the history of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology in four countries: Israel, India, Singapore, and Australia. It points out some similarities in the evolution of the profession across diverse cultures. The presence of psychology in Israel is traced back to 1930, when a group of German-Jewish psychoanalysts fleeing persecution in Nazi Germany arrived in Israel under the leadership of Sigmund Freud's student Max Eitingon. In 1933, they established the Palestine Psychoanalytic Society. The establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 has accelerated the need for psychologists in the areas of clinical, educational, vocational, industrial, and military psychology. In the first three years of the State of Israel, the population grew from about 600,000 to 1.7 million people; and it is up to about 6,800,000 today. The number of people in the civilian labor force rose in 2004 by 2.6% compared with the previous year and reached 2.678 million. ...