Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jo-Ida C. Hansen & Melanie E. Leuty
Most people participate in some form of paid labor during their lifetime. Typically, they engage in a series of jobs. As these jobs become increasingly related to one another, a career unfolds. This process occurs throughout the life span. Several theories have been proposed to describe the process of career development. Three of the most frequently cited are career development theory , the social learning theory of career decision making , and the social cognitive career theory . Donald Super first proposed his career development theory in 1953, making it one of the earliest theories on career development. Combining life-stage psychology and social role psychology, Super's theory addresses the significant roles and career development tasks that occur during life stages. One element of Super's theory that combines life stages and social roles is the life - career rainbow , a graphic representation of lifespace and life span , key terms ...