Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Situational Judgment Tests
Many work situations require the job incumbent to make a judgment about aspects of the situation and respond to the practical situational demands. An effective response to the practical demands of a situation may require the appropriate use of some combination of one's abilities and other personal attributes. Situational judgment tests (SJTs) are psychometric tests that are specifically designed to assess individual differences in this overall ability to make effective judgments or responses to a wide variety of situations. Situational judgment tests are typically administered in a paper-and-pencil mode, although they may be implemented in other modes, such as video-based items and interview questions. The SJT is made up of several situations, each presenting a hypothetical critical incident and several courses of action in response to the situation. The instructional and response format is dependent on the specific SJT. In many SJTs, respondents are required to rate each possible course ...