Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952651 | Print ISBN: 9781412924702 | Online ISBN: 9781412952651| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
John F. Binning
In the broadest sense, validation refers to the process of establishing the truth, accuracy, or soundness of some judgment, decision, or interpretation. In industrial and organizational psychology, validation generally focuses on the quality of interpretations drawn from psychological tests and other assessment procedures that are used as the basis for decisions about people's work lives. Before discussing validation specifically, it is necessary to clarify some concepts that are integral to the process of decision making based on psychological testing. It is important to realize that validity is not a characteristic of a test or assessment procedure but of the inferences and decisions made from test or assessment information. Validation is the process of generating and accumulating evidence to support the soundness of the inferences made in a specific situation. Logically, therefore, to examine the concept of validation, it is important to specify (a) the types of inferences involved in applied ...