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Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application

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Participatory Rural Appraisal: Principles, Methods and Application

N. Narayanasamy

Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9788132108382 | Print ISBN: 9788178298856 | Online ISBN: 9788132108382 | Publisher:SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd

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Chapter 2: The Concept and Principles of Participatory Rural Appraisal

The concept and principles of participatory rural appraisal Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) emerged as a participatory tool of learning in the late 1980s. It is a continuum of rapid rural appraisal (RRA) and other field-based and people-oriented participatory approaches. Emerging primarily as an appraisal method, PRA has subsequently been applied in several activities of a project cycle, including planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. As a development tool, it cannot just stop with committing the people in appraising and analysing their problems, conditions and situations. Rather, it must go beyond that and extend into analysis, planning and action. Consequently, the concept of PRA has undergone several changes over a period of time. Even then, the crux of the PRA—‘putting people first’—remains intact. McCracken et al. (1988) define PRA as ‘a semi-structured activity carried out in the field, by a multi-disciplinary team and designed to quickly acquire new information on, and new ...

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