Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
This South American country is located on the equator and has borders with Colombia and Peru. With a population of 13,700,000 (2007), about 2 million live in the port city of Guayaquil, and 1.4 million live in Quito, the country's capital. Descendants of the Spanish account for only 7 percent of the population, with an additional 3 percent being of African descent. Many indigenous customs and games survive. These include Inca games that involve flipping counters—originally made from clay, but now more often from brightly ...