Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Gregory A. Hansen
Part of the popular mythology of the Old West includes the image of cowboys playing Poker around a table in a saloon. In the mid-19th century, these Old West denizens would more likely be crowded around a rectangular table and playing a far more common gambling game called Faro. Faro's origin is rooted in the 15th-century French game Basset , with likely influences from the earlier Teutonic game of landsquenet . It achieved its fixed form by the end of the 17th century, by which time it acquired its French name Pharaoh . The spelling was Anglicized as Faro, and the Faro decks eventually lost the image of an Egyptian king imprinted on the back of the cards. Over time, the game became popular throughout Europe, and it ...