Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Robert J. Bell
Amateur golf is a unique sport that is played without supervision from officials. The overriding principle of amateur golf is the integrity of the game, which demands courtesy and sportsmanship. Derivatives of the sport of golf originated in Scotland in the 15th century, and today's game is still a prominent activity played by more than 60 million worldwide. The popularity of golf has been recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and bids to potentially add the sport at the 2016 Olympic Games are currently under review. The sport of golf is structured into two divisions of professional and amateur play. Whereas most media coverage surrounds the professional ranks, the majority of participants are amateurs. In fact, professional golfers make up such a minority of all golfers that the number of professional golfers who earn their main income from competition is less than 5 percent. Professional golfers who earn their ...