Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Kazakhstan is the largest of the Central Asian Republics, and the wealthiest of the five that were part of the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union, until its independence in 1991. It shares borders with the Russian Federation, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. The country is wealthy, with extensive oil holdings, but little of this wealth has reached people in the countryside. Many cultural pursuits in Kazakhstan came from its geographical position on the Silk Road, introducing Turkish games such as Backgammon, Dominoes, and cards, and Chinese games such as Chinese ...