Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The Republic of Pakistan was established as an independent state in 1947, with East Pakistan breaking away in 1971 to become Bangladesh. It is an overwhelmingly Muslim country, with a population of 165 million (2007). Although the capital is Islamabad, the largest city in Pakistan remains Karachi, the country's main port. The country contains large numbers of different tribes and ethnic groups, and many of these have slightly different customs, some of which vary on account of the climate and habitat, and others because of their histories. Because of the long period of British rule, cricket is extremely popular in the country, and although it is played professionally, many people participate in it as a recreational sport, ...