Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Backgammon is a two-player racing game of luck and strategy, a descendant of one of the oldest lineages of board games—the table game. The earliest examples of the table game, found in the royal tombs at Ur (Mesopotamia), date back to around 3000 b.c.e. Although Backgammon is now primarily played as a recreational board game, its origins as a form of gambling are still evident in the modern game's scoring system for tournament play. Various countries and churches have at times banned Backgammon because of its connection to gambling. In Backgammon, players roll two dice to determine movement of their pieces. The value of each die represents the number of spaces (or points) that a piece may move. A player may elect to apply both die values to a single piece's move, but each die's worth of movement is counted as a single move; a twice-moved piece must land on ...