Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The sport and art of sailing has a long history around the world, both as a form of transport and as a recreational activity. The fundamentals of sailing were discovered independently by various cultures, though the specific designs of sailing ships varied from place to place, sometimes in response to the availability of local resources. Today, sailing is almost exclusively recreational. Sailing consists of harnessing the free power of the wind to move a ship over water. The sail itself is pushed on by the wind, not only providing forward motion but also generating lift, which eases the weight of the ship on the surface of the water, further reducing friction from a state already much lower-friction than ...