Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Bocee is a precision sport and a widespread game, whose name is the plural form of boccia , the Italian word that indicates the kind of ball used in the game itself. Its rules and characteristics are similar to those of bowls and Provencal pétanque , although bocee is more popular in Italy and other Mediterranean countries. Archaeological research has found evidence of games similar to modern bocee in ancient Egypt and in Rome. The idea of throwing an object as close as possible to a fixed target has remote origins and has appealed to people from all social backgrounds. According to findings in the Roman city of Pompeii (Italy), the Romans introduced balls in the place of previously used stones and contributed to the diffusion of the game, especially among soldiers. Apparently, Emperor Augustus was a skilled player. During the Middle Ages and early modernity, various games involving ball ...