Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: May 18, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971935 | Print ISBN: 9781412966702 | Online ISBN: 9781412971935| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Located in southeast Europe, bordering Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey, people in the Republic of Bulgaria have been influenced by all of their neighbors, and also by Russia. Great sporting events took place in medieval times, with competitors from some other countries participating. In 1980, in a bid to win the 1992 Olympics, these events were detailed by Bozhidar Peichev in a booklet highlighting these games, lousts and other tournaments were also held, testing battle skills. Under the rule of the Ottomans, a number of Turkish games were introduced, such as Tavla , a version of Backgammon. Chess also became popular, as did card games. Bulgaria gained its independence in 1878, and a move to ...