Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
On one common account of cosmopolitanism, the key idea is that every person has global stature as the ultimate unit of moral concern and is therefore entitled to equal respect and consideration no matter what his or her citizenship status or other affiliations happen to be. This entry surveys the central varieties of cosmopolitanism, the diverse accounts of cosmopolitan justice, distinctions typically drawn among kinds of cosmopolitanisms, some concepts commonly associated with cosmopolitanism, some common fears concerning cosmopolitanism and how they can be addressed, and the prominent and influential debate between cosmopolitans and defenders of statist accounts of global justice. It then considers whether cosmopolitan commitments are necessarily in tension with other affiliations people typically have. Early proponents of cosmopolitanism included the cynic Diogenes and Stoics such as Cicero. These cosmopolitans rejected the idea that one should be importantly defined by one's city of origin, as was typical of Greek ...