Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Fair trade is an international movement for social and environmental justice that develops alternative economic spaces of production, trade, retailing, and consumption. The relevance of fair trade for political theorizing is threefold: It draws attention to the materials around which political contention and mobilization are generated; it challenges assumptions that citizenship and consumerism are opposed principles of action and identification; and it challenges assumptions that political responsibility can or should be contained within national boundaries, or that citizenly acts can or should only be directed against the state. The goals of the fair trade movement include improving the livelihoods and well-being of small producers; promoting development opportunities for disadvantaged groups of producers, in particular women and indigenous people; raising awareness among consumers of the negative effects of patterns of international trade on producers in the Global South; campaigning for changes in the regulatory regimes ...