Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Freiré, Paulo (1921–1997)
Jean Ryoo & Dianna Moreno & Jenifer Crawford & Peter McLaren
Paulo Reglus Neves Freire was a Brazilian educator and critical theorist who influenced the formation of critical pedagogy and educational theory worldwide, while engaging in literacy campaigns and school reform in Latin America and Africa. Paulo Freire was born into a middle-class family in Recife, Pernambuco, of northeastern Brazil, on September 19, 1921. During the 1929 world depression, Freire's family was forced to move to nearby Jaboatao, where Freire gained an early consciousness of how poverty and hunger affect education and the community. He returned to Recife to attend a traditional, upper-class, allmale high school as a scholarship student. After high school, Freire attended law school while simultaneously studying philosophy and the sociology of language. However, instead of practicing law, Freire's interests and passion for teaching and effecting change through education persisted. Freire taught Portuguese in secondary schools, acted as director of literacy and then as school superintendent in Pernambuco ...