Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Theories of justice provide principles to guide the moral assessment of existing or hypothetical social arrangements. Principles of distributive justice, in particular, assess the terms on which social arrangements make important economic advantages accessible to people (such as property in productive assets, income, wealth, and opportunities for employment). Until recently, philosophical discussions on distributive justice tended to focus only on the assessment of rules and institutions framing the interactions of individuals within a domestic social structure. There is, however, increasing discussion about principles that address the global level. These principles would orient supranational rules and institutions that affect international markets in capital and labor, international trade and monetary arrangements, the access to natural resources, and the conditions and limits of the sovereignty of states. This entry articulates current debates on global justice in reference to three kinds of issues. The first concerns the identification of plausible distributive principles. The second ...