Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: May 06, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412958660 | Print ISBN: 9781412958653 | Online ISBN: 9781412958660| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Pan-Africanism arose as a philosophy to restore the humanity and dignity of people of African descent. It is based on a basic and simple proposition, the idea that African people are human beings who think and have a right to live on the planet Earth. Pan-Africanists in the twenty-first century continue to confront old questions of the hierarchy of humans that became embedded in Anglo-American thought from the period of the slave trade to the present. The Pan-African movement was the principal agency for the self-definition of the African people in the twentieth century. One of the principal credos of Pan-Africanism was that the people of one part of Africa were responsible for the well-being of Africans in every part of Africa, and Africans everywhere were to accept this responsibility. This movement has been manifest at the subjective level of race consciousness of African peoples and the objective level in ...