Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952408 | Print ISBN: 9781412904094 | Online ISBN: 9781412952408| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
THE TERM POPULISM HAS been associated with a set of different meanings that go from a political movement to a loose set of ideological principles. Originally, populism is an extensive and imprecise concept that first appeared in the vocabulary of political ideas during the 19th century in Russia. Based on a direct translation of the Russian narodnik , populism served to describe a political movement that brought a certain current of intellectuals closer to the peasantry, arguing that the true values of the ideal community were to be found in the village and the simple life. The term populism has also been used to used to refer to a late-19th-century agrarian movement in the United States that expressed the political grievances of debt ridden farmers who felt let down by the political class. Having begun in the 1880s, the populist movement reached its zenith in the 1890s when its Later, ...