Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
A range of educational opportunities is available in prisons, jails, juvenile justice facilities, and various community-based settings. Classes are often tailored to the needs of students and seek to provide learning experiences that will help them during their sentence and after release. For example, those entering correctional facilities may require classes in literacy, communication, and other subjects that will ease their transition into a corrections setting. In contrast, those who are nearing release will benefit from learning experiences that prepare them for the transition into a society that is very different from that found in prison, and, depending on their length of sentence, possibly unlike what they left behind. Other courses or learning may be selected based on age, gender, prior education and skills, and other factors. A U.S. Supreme Court Justice once stated that criminals are sent to prison as punishment, not to be punished. However, many citizens are ...