Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Juvenile Death Penalty
Staci A. Cash
The juvenile death penalty, as defined by the U.S. Supreme Court, currently applies to capital defendants who have attained a minimum age of 16 years of age. However, a number of states have proposed lowering the age of executions to include those as young as 11. The United States is one of a small group of countries that executes juvenile offenders along with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Iran, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia. The earliest recorded juvenile execution occurred in the Plymouth Colony, Massachusettes, in 1642, when a young man by the name of Thomas Graunger was executed by hanging for having sex with animals. George Stinney was the youngest juvenile offender executed in the United States in the past hundred years. In 1944, he was put to death at the age of 14 for the murder of two South Carolina girls. In more recent times, since the 1976 reinstatement ...