Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Juvenile Justice System
Bryan Hogeveen & Joanne Minaker
Youthful offenders who are brought to the attention of the juvenile justice system by parents, school officials, or (most often) police are governed by a distinct set of practices and philosophies from those encountered by adults accused of crimes. Usually, unless they are waived to adult courts, they are processed by juvenile courts, and if sentenced to confinement, sent to juvenile detention centers. Specific beliefs underpin the juvenile justice system that have a history of their own, and differentiate the treatment of young offenders from their older counterparts. Child savers established the first juvenile courts and justice system in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in North America. These reformers believed that a separate system of governance would reclaim delinquent youths and would function in their best interests. This view was premised on the philosophy of parens patriae where the state takes the role of guardian over delinquent The ...