Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Dennis R. Brewster
Volunteers in prisons in the United States include individuals and groups who, either directly or indirectly, provide correctional institutions with support in administrative, security, and programmatic capacities. Throughout the history of corrections, prisons have always needed to provide services that are beyond the capabilities of institutional resources. At all levels—federal, state, and local—volunteers provide labor that cannot be provided solely by correctional officials. Volunteers are, therefore, a crucial part of the contemporary penal experience. Among the many different types of prison volunteers are those generally classified as administrative, staff, and programmatic. Administrative volunteers provide services that help states fulfill the goals of their departments of correction. For example, students interested in the criminal justice field may volunteer to work for the correctional system either in prisons or in administrative positions, such as in regional or state offices. This type of work enables such volunteers to learn skills important to Staff ...