Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Prison activism is a broad-based social movement that addresses injustices in the criminal justice system. Thousands of individuals and organizations are moved to action by the current U.S. prison crisis and are working to change or abolish the system. Their work takes different forms and has varying goals that are not always in accordance with each other. There are large human rights organizations, such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, that include prison issues in their broader work, as well as smaller local and national organizations, such as the Prison Moratorium Project and the Prison Activist Resource Center, devoted solely to reforming or abolishing the prison system. Organizations range from religious to political to youth based. Some focus on a single issue, such as freeing political prisoners, the lack of Pell grant availability for prisoners, or prisoner disenfranchisement, while others aim at changing the entire system. Action takes a ...