Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952514 | Print ISBN: 9780761927310 | Online ISBN: 9781412952514| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Community Corrections Centers
James G. Houston
Community corrections centers include halfway houses, work release centers, and restitution centers. Individuals housed in these places usually work in the community and participate in court-ordered programs such as drug treatment or family counseling. Centers hold inmates either as an alternative to incarceration or at the end of their prison sentence for a period of readjustment to community life. Community residential corrections programs are the most underutilized component of the corrections continuum. Halfway houses for released prisoners were first established during the 1800s in Boston and New York to aid former offenders in their readjustment to the community. While other cities and states gradually introduced similar establishments, it was not until 1975 that all states in addition to the federal government had approved legislation approving the use of halfway houses. The passage by Congress of the Prisoner Rehabilitation Act of 1965 made it possible for the U.S. Bureau of Prisons ...