Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Reem Ali Abu-Lughod
Arab Americans are citizens or permanent residents of the United States who trace their origin to countries in the Middle East or northern Africa (Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, or Yemen). This entry provides a brief overview of the sociocultural background of Arab Americans and then describes their experiences of hostility and discrimination following the attacks of September 11,2001. The first influx of Arab immigrants to the United States took place between the late 1880s and the 1920s. A second wave began in the late 1940s, particularly after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. Between 1925 and 1948, political restrictions were placed on Arab immigration to the United States, and it was further limited by the Depression and by World War II. Most of the recent immigration took place following the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, ...