Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Goetz, Bernard (1947-)
David A. Mackey
In the mid-afternoon of December 22, 1984, Bernard Goetz shot four African American males, Barry Allen, Darrell Cabey, Troy Canty, and James Ramseur, while riding the number 2 train in New York City. The incident began when Goetz was approached by Troy Canty, who asked how Goetz was doing. Goetz interpreted the inquiry as a prelude to a mugging. Canty asked for and then demanded money from Goetz. Goetz produced a .38 caliber handgun and shot the four youth. Goetz was indicted on criminal charges, including attempted murder, but was convicted only of illegal possession of a handgun. However, in a civil trial, damages of $43 million were awarded to Darrell Cabey, who was paralyzed and suffered brain damage as a result of the shooting. This case generated great controversy, especially concerning the justification of vigilantism, and it is important to the study of race and crime because the incident ...