Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
National Council of La Raza
Marilyn D. Lovett
The National Council of La Raza (NCLR) is the largest Hispanic/Latina/o civil rights group in the United States. Its advocacy work with community-based organizational affiliates has challenged the problems of crime and race throughout their 40-year history as it affects Hispanics/Latinos. The history of NCLR, its partnerships, its activities as they relate to the criminal justice system, and its leadership are discussed in this entry. (The term Hispanic indicates a mainstream orientation; Latino most often describes the masses. Both are being used to represent all forms of acculturation.) The National Organization for Mexican American Services (NOMAS), located in Washington, D.C., in the early 1960s, was the first to endorse a need for unification of Mexican organizations; Raul Yzaguirre worked with this group. By the late 1960s, Dr. Julian Samora, Herman Gallegos, and Dr. Ernesto Galarza were commissioned by the Ford Foundation (which had been previously approached for funding by NOMAS) ...