Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Black Panther Party
Charles E. Jones
The Black Panther Party (BPP), a revolutionary Black Nationalist organization, was cofounded in 1966 in Oakland, California, by two college students, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. They created the Black Panther Party because recently passed civil rights legislation seemed to have had little impact on the multitude of dismal circumstances facing Black communities in the United States. To this end, Newton and Seale composed their Ten Point Platform and Program, in which they outlined critical issues that were facing Black communities, among them substandard housing, police brutality, inadequate education, and a racially discriminatory legal system. Although its platform emphasized practical “bread and butter” issues, the BPP considered itself to be a revolutionary organization, one whose ultimate goal remained the total political and economic transformation of the United States. The party's cofounders drew from the works of a broad range of revolutionary theory, including Franz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth ...