Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
United States v. Booker
Keith Gregory Logan
The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution starts with the statement: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal and that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights. …” One of the key points listed in the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution is the right to a jury trial. This right applies throughout the legal process, up to and including sentencing. In United States v. Booker (2005), the defendant challenged his sentence on the basis that his rights under the Sixth Amendment had been violated. This entry reviews the facts of the case, the issues involved, and related cases. The case pertains to race and crime in that there have been serious concerns regarding sentencing guidelines and racial disparities in sentences—particularly in drug cases. This case provided some additional direction on these two issues. In 2003, the defendant, Freddie J. Booker, was convicted ...