Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Vera Institute of Justice
The Vera Institute of Justice (VERA) is a nonprofit independent organization based in New York. The institute originated in the early 1960s when a project initiated by Louis Schweitzer and Herb Sturz assessed an unjust bail system in New York City as one in which people with higher incomes were often more able to secure bail than were lower-income people. Their work led to the establishment of the Vera Institute, named for Schweitzer's mother, to continue the investigation of related issues of injustice. For more than 40 years, Vera has produced neutral, unbiased, innovative research reports by individuals with diverse backgrounds and specializations. Vera's goal is to make justice systems in the United States and other countries more effective, humane, and fair. Vera has published numerous research reports on race and crime topics that include troubled youth, prison populations, and racially biased practices within the legal system. This entry describes ...