Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Brown v. Mississippi
Isis N. Walton & Cherie Dawson Edwards
The United States has long been a proponent of fair and equitable justice for all citizens. The Constitution of the United States declares that “all citizens are created equal” and shall be given equal protection under the law. Brown v. Mississippi (1936) is a pivotal case in U.S. history that demonstrates various procedural faults and erroneous judgments of the criminal justice system. Additionally, it speaks about the racial overtones of that era and what that meant for African Americans facing the criminal justice system. Following a murder but prior to a court hearing, residents of Giles, Mississippi, prompted by law enforcement officers, including the sheriff, determined the guilt of the accused. The defendants, also known as the “Kemper County Trio,” were subjected to a trial, conviction, and attempted execution before they were arrested or indicted for the alleged crime of murder. The question that is central in this case is ...