Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Victimization, Asian American
According to data reported by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2007, 14.9 million U.S. residents were Asian, or Asian in combination with other races—the third largest minority group in the country. Although the Asian community is growing, Asian immigrants and their descendants are still vulnerable to racially motivated crimes. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) began collecting hate crime data in 1991 after the Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990 was enacted, yet the extent of Asian victimization has not been well documented due to reporting deficiencies at the state level. Until 2002, 11 states had not compiled hate crime statistics on a consistent basis, including Alaska, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, and New Mexico, and six others. The reluctance of Asian victims to report crimes to the police, especially those who are newcomers and illegal immigrants, has also contributed to the underreporting of Asian victimization in the United States. Although some ...