Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: June 02, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971928 | Print ISBN: 9781412950855 | Online ISBN: 9781412971928| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
War on Terror
Kathryn Scarborough & Kelli Frakes
The War on Terror continues to garner attention from the media and numerous individuals and organizations that have a vested interest in its outcome. This was brought to the forefront with former President George W. Bush declaring the War on Terror, against al-Qaeda, an international alliance of Islamic militant terrorist organizations founded in 1988 and led by Osama bin Laden. Al-Qaeda has attacked civilian and military targets in various countries and is said to be responsible for the September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States, which prompted the president to make his declaration. Al-Qaeda has also been designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. State Department. Following President Bush's declaration, the U.S. government launched a military and intelligence campaign against al-Qaeda. The War on Terror is not an exclusive label attached to the military response, but rather it is the action addressing the prevention, detection, and response ...